Many kinds of heart disease. The sufferers are also often exposed to more than one disorder (complications). Here are some types of heart disease you need to know.
Here are some types of heart disease:
Atherosclerosis is the thickening of the inner walls of the arteries due to deposits of plaque (fat, cholesterol and other cellular waste) that impede and obstruct the blood supply to the muscle cells. Atherosclerosis can occur in all parts of the body. If there is at the heart of the arterial wall, it is called coronary heart disease (coronary artery disease) or ischemic heart disease. Atherosclerosis last long and cause many diseases. Atherosclerosis begins from the lesion and cracks in the walls of blood vessels, mainly because of strong pressure on the heart vessels. One symptom is angina pectoris cardiac atherosclerosis, ie pain / discomfort in your heart and chest area due to reduced blood supply to the heart muscle.
2. Acute Myocardial Infarction
Myocardial infarction is the death of heart muscle due to blockage of the coronary arteries. The heart muscles are not tersuplai blood will be damaged or sudden death.
Cardiomyopathy is a damage / disturbance of the heart muscle causing the heart's walls do not move perfectly in sucking and pumping blood. People with cardiomyopathy are often at risk of arrhythmia and sudden heart failure. What type of cardiomyopathy is still divided into kardiomipati congestive, hypertrophic, restrictive and peripartum.
Arrhythmia means an abnormal heart rhythm, which can be caused by impaired cardiac excitatory stimuli and delivery of mild or severe.
5. Congestive Heart Failure
Heart failure is the inability of the heart to pump blood effectively throughout the body. The heart is said to fail not because it stopped working, but because it is not pumping as strong as they should. As a result, blood can be turned into the lungs and other body parts.
6. Atrial Fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation is a heart rhythm disorders that interfere with atrial electric. This electrical impulse disorder causes muscle contraction and irregular heart pump blood inefficiently. Consequently, the atrium of the heart is not completely emptied of blood leading to the porch (the ventricles). Atrial fibrillation is usually associated with many other disorders, including cardiomyopathy, coronary, ventricular hypertrophy, etc.. Hyperthyroidism and alcohol poisoning can also cause atrial fibrillation.
7. Heart inflammation
Heart inflammation may occur in the wall of the heart (myocarditis), the membrane that surrounds the heart (pericarditis), or the inside (endocarditis). Inflammation of the heart can be caused by toxins or infection.
8. Rheumatic Heart Disease
Rheumatic heart disease is damage to heart valves due to rheumatic fever, caused by streptococcal bacteria.
9. Heart Valve Disorders
Heart valve serves to control the direction of blood flow in the heart. Heart valve abnormalities that could interfere with the flow, partly because of the downsizing (stenosis), leakage (regurgiasi), or does not close properly (prolapsis). Valve abnormalities may occur as a congenital or due to infections and side effects of treatment.
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