Diarrhea can be divided into acute and chronic (or persistent) based on its duration. Acute diarrhea starts quickly and lasts no more than 14 days. Most of these species and diarrhea are generally not harmful. One of three healthy adults experiencing diarrhea at least once a year. Chronic or persistent diarrhea lasting more than 14 days. Prolonged Diarrhea usually have a cause and cause different problems that different treatment of acute diarrhea.
Various diseases can impair the function of the small intestine or large intestine, causing diarrhea. In principle there are two basic mechanisms that play a role in the development of diarrhea is an increase in mobility that accelerates intestinal transit of food or excessive fluid in the intestine.
The most common cause of acute diarrhea are:
• Food poisoning. Bacteria such as clostridium botulinum, E. coli and salmonella gastro at the contaminated food can release toxins that attack the digestive tract. Several hours after admission, the poison they will feel the effect.
• Drugs: Some people experience diarrhea after taking certain drugs, particularly antibiotics, which can attack and damage the intestinal flora.
• Food intolerance, like lactose intolerance in people who lack the enzyme lactase, which aids the digestion of dairy products. Dairy ingredients are not digested can cause acute diarrhea.
The main causes of chronic diarrhea include:
• Irritable bowel syndrome: a dangerous irritation of the bowel
• chronic bowel inflammation (ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease)
• Chronic intestinal infection by parasites such as Amoeba, Giardia, Clostridium difficile
• Abuse of laxatives
• metabolic disorders such as overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), malignant tumors such as pancreatic cancer or colon surgery can cause diarrhea.
The most important treatment for diarrhea is to ensure adequate intake of fluids and salts (electrolytes). For mild to moderate symptoms, you can use mild medications that can reduce diarrhea. In severe cases and in children, pregnant women, and parents can be dangerous when it lost a lot of fluids, infusion may be required. When the cause is food poisoning, your doctor may need to provide drugs to kill pathogens in the intestinal mucosa and prevent further damage. Antispasmodic drugs may help reduce colicky abdominal pain.
Chronic diarrhea should be treated by treating the underlying disease. Prolonged diarrhea with severe dehydration can cause intestinal bleeding with the consequences of kidney failure. Consult with your doctor if you have chronic diarrhea.
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