1. Kidney pain
Secondary hypertension is called renal hypertension associated with kidney (renal hypertension). Kidney disorder that causes the most high blood pressure is a narrowing of the renal artery, which is the main blood vessel supplying blood to the kidneys. When the blood supply decreases, the kidneys will produce many substances that increase blood pressure.
Stress can trigger the sympathetic nervous system thus increasing the activity of the heart and blood vessel pressure.
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder in which sufferers stop breathing many times (between 10-30 seconds) during sleep. Apnea is usually suffered by people who are overweight and followed by other symptoms such as unusual sleepiness during the day, snoring, morning headaches and edema (swelling) in the lower leg.
4. Hyper / hypothyroidism
Hyperthyroidism or thyroid hormone excess is characterized by easy heat (feels hot), weight loss, palpitations and tremors. Thyroid hormone excess stimulates the activity of the heart, increasing blood production, and increased vascular resistance leading to hypertension. Hypothyroidism resulted in a slowing metabolism due to thyroid deficiency resulting in obstructed blood vessels and increases blood pressure.
Preeclampsia is hypertension due to pregnancy (gestational hypertension), which usually occurs in the third trimester of pregnancy. Preeclampsia is caused by increased blood volume during pregnancy and hormonal changes. Approximately 5-10% of first pregnancies are marked with preeclampsia.
6. Koarktasi aorta (aortic coarctation)
Koarktasi or narrowing of the aorta is a congenital disorder that causes high blood pressure.
7. Adrenal Gland Disorders
The adrenal glands regulate kidney function and blood pressure. If one or both adrenal glands have been affected, it can lead to excessive production of hormones that increase blood pressure.
8. Parathyroid gland disorders
Paratirod four glands located in the neck produces a hormone called parathormone. Excessive parathormone production will increase levels of calcium in the blood, leading to high blood pressure.
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