Laboratory tests should be done, especially if you have the classic symptoms of diabetes mellitus, which is frequent urination, frequent thirst, and frequent hunger. In addition, it is highly recommended if you have one or more risk factors for diabetes, such as:
1.History of diabetes in the family,
2.Age above 45 years,
3.Overweight or overweight (body mass index ≥ 23 kg/m2), and
4.High blood pressure (≥ 140/90 mmHg).
Other risk factors also should be wary of, among other things:
b.Lack of physical activity,
c.Unhealthy diet (high sugar, low fiber)
d.History gave birth to a baby weighing> 4 kg or a history of gestational diabetes,
e.History of birth weight
f.Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
Laboratory tests commonly performed is the measurement of the concentration of glucose (sugar) blood. The diagnosis of diabetes is made if the results of measurements of fasting blood glucose concentrations ≥ 126 mg / dl or when blood glucose ≥ 200 mg / dl, accompanied by the classic symptoms of diabetes. Other laboratory examinations are no less important is the HbA1c is able to detect the state of the average blood glucose over 3 months. HbA1c examination is useful in assessing the quality of diabetes care, predict the risk of complications, and to monitor long-term glycemic control as well as screening and diagnosis of diabetes mellitus as well as calculate the estimated average glucose (EAG)If the results of the examination well, the healthy lifestyle should still be maintained. However, if the results indicate undiagnosed diabetes, there should be four pillars, namely the management of diabetes education and understanding of diabetes, diet, exercise, and treatment and monitoring of therapeutic outcomes through laboratory tests.Given the importance of HbA1c, it should be noted that the examination should be carried out in the laboratory using methods certified national glycohemoglobin Standardization program (NGSP) and standardized examination of diabetes control and complication trial (DCCT). In this case, a laboratory Prodia first and only one in Indonesia that have been certified NGSP.
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